Courier 15 June 1859

Volume 1, Issue 1, June 15, 1859.


A THRILLING SKETCH. (Not transcribed - this is the telling of a story of a trial “some years since” in Ireland)



We like to see nice people, that is to say, pretty nice, but not to a troublesome degree. We like to see a gentleman with a well-brushed coat; but we would not advise him to brush it so as to make it threadbare. We admire a pair of well- polished boots; but we should not think it advisable to polish them to such a degree as to form a mirror for all the cats, dogs, and monkeys to see their faces in. We think it necessary to every man’s comfort and decency to have a clean set of teeth; but we should account it worse than labor lost to brush them so as to take off the enamel. We like to see a man's beard and whiskers neatly arranged; but we should think a man poorly employed who spent all his time in arranging his beard and whiskers. We admire a neat-setting shirt collar; but we would not have a man perpetually pulling up his shirt-collar to make it set well.

   We like to see a lady exceedingly nice; that is, in everything that concerns the propriety or comfort of her household.— In fact, it seems to us that a woman can scarcely be too nice in the matter of cookery, the arrangements of the table and general cleanliness of her house.— In personal neatness she cannot be too exact: not that she should spend her time before the glass — which, indeed, is not apt to be the case with a lady who is habitually neat.

   But, with all this, we would have a woman avoid all troublesome and ridiculous nicety. For a lady to whitewash the walls of her house is both pleasant, healthy, and sweet; but to whitewash the wood she burns is more nice than wise. In some part of the country it is customary to sprinkle sand upon the floor. If skillfully done, it, in occasional instances, looks wonderfully nice — but then it is exceedingly inconvenient in a bed-room, and, after all, is neither more nor less than a nice species of dirt. It is very praiseworthy to put things in their right places; but the disposition which some nice housewives possess, to be always "putting thing to rights," is monstrously vexatious and troublesome, when exercised in the sanctum sanctorum of man's study, by carefully disarranging the papers, and wrongly putting his literary matters to rights.



OR THE EFFECTS OF PASSION.  (This is a very long story of a walk with Satan.  I didn’t transcribe it.)


THE BATTLEFIELDS OF NORTHERN ITALY - The history of this area from Roman times. (not transcribed)


Page 2


THE CERTAINTY OF DEMOCRATIC UNION - Talking about national politics from a pro-democrat point of view.  (not transcribed)

The Black Republican organs are howling and shrieking over the expenditures of the Democracy. To show how little truth there is in these shrieks, we copy a short chapter from the record, the truth of which they cannot deny: —

  May 14, 1858. On the bill to appropriate $100,000 for a wagon road in New Mexico. Yeas, democrats 22; opposition 42. Nays, democrats 37, opposition 32.

  May 15, 1858. On the New York Fire Bill, involving over $5,000,000, the motion being to lie on the table. Yeas, democrats 75; opposition 13. Nays democrats 14; opposition 56.

   May 19, 1858. On certain resolutions of the Printing Committee to save $330,000 to the Government. Yeas, democrats 94; opposition 21. Nays, democrats 9, opposition 59.

   May 26, 1858. On a certain amendment of the Senate to the legislative appropriation bill to violate the compensation law by paying mileage of new Senators at a called session. Yeas, democrats 6; opposition, 19. Nays, democrats 97; opposition 56.

  May 28, 1858. On the mail steamer appropriation bill, giving bounties to mail steamers. Yeas, democrats, 47; opposition 54. Nays, democrats 57; opposition 37.

   June 8, 1858. On the amendment to the civil appropriation bill making appropriation of $257,000 for certain custom houses. Yeas, democrats 18, opposition 32. Nays, democrats, 52; opposition 21.  

(I did not transcribe all of the entries, none pertain to Saginaw)



  With this issue we commence the publication of a new Democratic paper, the first, we believe of a like political character, which has ever been started in the new and flourishing city of East Saginaw. We are aware of all the trials and tribulations attending the newspaper business, and that considering the intense Republicanism into which the State of Michigan has seemingly sunk, it may be an investment of doubtful profit. There are always ”comforters” enough about to make pleasant suggestions of the character but they are of no avail with us. — For a number of years we have “paddled our own canoe,” and if life and health are spared, propose to do so for several years to come. We have no fears but, on the contrary are full of hope not only for the success of the Courier, but for the ultimate success in the State as well as in the Nation, of the Great Democratic Party, the only party having any claims to a National organization.

   Politically we propose to make the Courier a Democratic sheet, adhering to the broad and general principles which have controlled the Democratic party in their long career of glory and success, and considering ourselves bound by the doctrines of the Cincinnati platform of 1856, adopting its plain, easy and obvious construction and also by the resolutions of the Michigan Democratic State Convention for 1859, ignoring all defunct issues which have in a measure tended to produce, discord in our ranks. To our present able National Administration we shall give our full and unqualified support.

   In a business point of view we intend to make the Courier a wide awake advocate of the interests of Northern Michigan in general, Saginaw valley and its tributary territory in particular, and last but not least, the immediate local interests of the City of East Saginaw. — In this the first issue we labor under the inconvenience of not being upon the ground of our future operations in propria persona. Yet we have been enabled through the kindness of friends to obtain many “items” showing not only the natural resources of the “valley” but the progress which is being made in their development. In the matter of news, though we do not at present go into the tri-weekly speculation, we shall try weekly to give a summary of the most important events, both at home and abroad, and we purpose to treat our readers to “every variety that the market affords” in that line, as also to many choice clippings in the way of miscellany, &c. We shall not promise too much, however, for as “the proof of the pudding is in the eating,” so is the proof of the paper in the reading, and if we fail to make the Courier readable, ours will be the fault as well as the misfortune.

  In conclusion we will add that under no circumstances, while in our control, will personal abuse and vituperation find a place in the columns of the Courier. — In times of high political excitement some latitude is of course taken in regard to candidates, yet in our opinion a candid, fair and truthful course is the best under all circumstances, and we shall endeavor to govern ourselves accordingly.


THE MASSACHUSETTS PROSCRIPTION. (I can’t really tell what this is about, but I think the Republicans were proposing a state amendment to abate immigration. Not transcribed)


Correspondent to the Courier.


   One gloomy, drizzling morning, some months ago, we started from Mt. Clemens in company with a friend, for the purpose of taking a short travel. Having become tired, and in fact disgusted with the monotonous routine of student life, we determined to seek recreation in traveling, and in the society of friends and college-chums, whose faces had not met our gaze since the time we bid a long and last adieu to our “Alma Mater,” and her classic shades. Other reasons also influenced us. They will not interest the reader, consequently we shall not relate them. As the road from Mt. Clemens to Detroit is very similar to a great many other roads, excepting the fact, that it is very numerously, and most agreeable diversified by beer shops, wine shops, butcher shops, and whisky shops, tavern, tollgates and churches, we shall not attempt to describe it. We arrived in due course of time in the “City of the Straits,” refreshed the inner man, both spiritually and materially, jumped aboard the cars, and started for Cincinnati, via Toledo. We darted along at a good rate through Monroe to Toledo. We have heard a great deal of the exhilaration of feeling produced as one rushes along at almost lightning speed, the buoyancy of spirit, caused by the easy springing motion of the cars, as you settle yourself comfortably in the cushions and glance out on hill and dale, on rivers, lakes and streams — with nothing to distract the attention, save the snort of the iron horse, or the occasional yell of the steam whistle — but we must candidly confess that we never experienced those pleasurable feelings and emotions. A ride on the railroad operates upon us differently. We invariably fall asleep, and should the cars run off or collide, we wouldn’t be apt to discover it till we were “slightly killed,” and if the “gentlemanly conductor” did not always wake us up, according to order, we should very often travel further than we paid for. The country between Detroit and Toledo, or at least that portion of it which we saw during our waking moments seemed to be low, flat and wet. The Monroe station being nearly a mile from the city, we couldn’t very well describe the locality, any more than we saw a side walk, which we afterwards discovered led to the city. We are now outward bound, but on our return will stop and give a short sketch of this and other places, to which at present we will only give a passing notice. “Order is the first law of heaven;” order is also one of the chief characteristics of your most obedient and humble servant. In proof of our orderly habits we need only mention that we always get up before we eat our breakfast, always go to bed before we get up, invariably divest ourselves of our habiliments before retiring, eat our meals in regular succession, never drink but once at a time, and if these do not constitute an orderly person, what in thunder does? We pause for a reply. We at last found ourselves in the city of Toledo, where we stopped for half an hour to change cars and conductors. In the interim we took a drink of — coffee, which, together with our patriotism and love of country, our veneration for its defenders and the enthusiasm which proximity to places of historic note will inevitably create in the mind of man, wrought us up to such a pitch of generosity that we incontinently thrust our hand into our pocket, produced a five cent piece, and recklessly invested in a glass of — chestnuts. Can you blame us? What man of the least feeling could remain unmoved, or forbear giving some sign of the pent up emotions which burned, and throbbed and pulsated in his heart as he approached the scene of the famous Toledo War. Talk of Punic, Peleponessian, Carthagenian and Roman wars. — Compared to this long arduous and bloody campaign they shrink into utter insignificance. The exploits of the Horatii, of a Richard Coeur de Leon, of a Caesar or of a Napoleon, when compared with the achievements of those brave and warlike heroes, who at their country’s call forsook their usual avocations and rushed to arms, are but as the spluttering and splashing of a mill dam, to the roar of Niagara. Long may the survivors of that memorable campaign live to recount their toils, their perils and their privations, to “fight their battles o’er again,” and long may they remain to show their honorable wounds and stimulate their children and their children’s children to do or die for their country’s safety, honor and prosperity. 

  Such were the thoughts which came crowding in our mind. Our traveling companion was moved to such an extent that he instantly attempted to buy a bigger bucket of pop-corn for three cents. At length, having laid up a sufficient stock of everything, we stepped into the cars, and casting one long, lingering look behind us, proceeded on our journey, saying with the poet,

   “Dulce et decorum est, pro patria mort.”

   On — on we went, leaving Toledo and her glorious reminiscences far behind us. Nothing of any tremendous importance occurred to excite our attention, and having nothing better to do, we fell asleep. Soon, however, we were awakened by the intelligence that we had arrived at Clyde, and with further agreeable tidings that we must lay over there for five hours. — Now if there is any one thing more disagreeable than another, it is (when traveling to a given point) to be delayed in some confounded one-horse town. However, we gave vent to our disappointment, by one or two smothered ejaculations, more emphatic, perhaps, than might be warranted under ordinary circumstances, and very philosophically ordered supper. —- Clyde may be a very important town, although we failed to perceive it, probably on account of the darkness, which was so intense that it might rival even the Egyptian darkess. It was blacker than “a blind nigger, with a dark-lantern hunting in a coal hold for a couple of black cats.” There were numerous rail road crossings in the above mentioned delectable town, and it was utterly impossible to move three steps from the tavern without stumbling over a railroad track, or tumbling into a  ditch. To add to the beauties of the scene, about eleven o’clock a terrific rain storm came up, (not on the cars) and it was at the height of its fury that we resumed our journey to Cincinnati. The spectacle was grand in the extreme. The incessant down pouring of the rain — the reverberating thunder, drowning the crash and clatter of the car wheels, the forked lightening flashing athwart the sombre sky and lighting up its gloomy face, all combined to produce a scent of grandeur and magnificence, of which a far stronger power of description than we possess, could give but a faint impression. At length Cincinnati loomed up in the distance. It is considerable of a city — the chief productions of which are muddy water, Pike’s whiskey and mess pork. — There are many fine buildings therein — but as it was nearly dinner time, and we felt rather ravenous, our first and chief care was to make a straight wake for something to eat. In other words, like a roaring lion we were seeking for anything to devour. Taking an omnibus we soon found ourselves at the Broadway Hotel. Having performed our ablutions, and improved our personal appearance by scraping about a peck of cinders from our face, eyes, nose, hair and beard, we repaired to the dining room and straight way commenced to astonish ourself and everybody else by unparalleled gastronomical feats. Long and unremitting were our efforts.  Loud and stern o’er the din and rattle of plates, knives and forks, arose our imperious demands for more provender, relay upon relay of edibles fell a sacrifice to our insatiable appetite. Our arm became tired, our jaws refused to do their wonted office, and with a sigh we were compelled to acknowledge our self vanquished. Ere our cigar was half smoked up, the omnibus came along and soon we were floating across the turbid waters of the Ohio, en route for Lexington via Covington. It is a great relief to the eye, after gazing upon the dull and dreary lowlands, to observe a country varied by hills, and highlands. Some parts of Ohio, as well as of Kentucky are very rocky. Along the railway huge boulders of rock, weighing many tons are heaped and piled on each side of the track; occasionally deep cuts meet the gaze, each side of which is solid rock, which perched upon lofty eminences noble residences look down, as if in conscious pride, their pure white coloring thrown in bold relief by the deep green of their smooth and well kept lawns. It was rather a novelty to us, we must confess, while traveling over the Covington and Lexington road, to ride through tunnels. All along the line, the soil seems rocky, one moment you are on a smooth surface, gliding gracefully and easily along, the next you plunge into some deep, wild gorge, or whisk through a tunnel, exchanging the pure bright light of day for pitchy darkness, and ere your eyes become accustomed to the gloom, you dash out again into the open air. At eight in the evening we arrived at Lexington, sleepy and fatigued, supped and retired to have one good refreshing sleep, before we called upon our friends. Our impression of Lexington, at night, was this, we thought it somewhat similar to any other city with the gas lighted up. In our next, we will give our “wanderings, ponderings and out-of-the-way loiterings,” in Old Kentuck.” Till then, we remain most obsequiously yours.


WHO ARE THE GOGGINITES?  Washington May 27. - (an article about a political party in Virginia. Not transcribed)



Arrival of the Fulton at New York, and of the Europa at Halifax - Insurrection in the Valtelline - Austrial Gensdarmes Disarmed by by the Swiss - Garibaldi Repulsed by a Superior Force, but Successful in Reentering Como - Bloody Fights at Palestro between Sardinians and Austrians - The Sardinians Victorious - One Thousand Austrians Taken Prisoners and Five Hundred Drowned - The Allies also Victorious at Confrenza, Covassera, and Sestro Calende - The Austrians in full Retreat into Lombardy . -&c., &c., &c. New York, June 14.

(not transcribed)


STONE LIME OF THE VERY BEST QUALITY can be had at all times, cheap for Cash. N. B. First dock below Jessie Hoyt’s Steam Flouring Mill. No disappointment. A English.


A GREAT HORSE AND CATTLE MEDICINE.  (Advertisement with lots of testimonials, unfortunately, the bottom of the page is obscured, so I can’t read what it is. Not transcribed)






The Directors are pushing this work ahead with energy characteristic of the men engaged in it. They have already erected the building and tower necessary to enable them to commence boring, have procured an engine and boilers, and have a number of men engaged in making drills and other machinery for the work. They will get the drill at work about the 15th inst. after which the boring will progress as rapidly as possible, until the question is settled, at least as to that particular locality. It is not supposed they will be obliged go to over 400 feet deep to find the requisite strength of brine, but as no shaft has been sunk in this region at any time, it is impossible to tell the thickness of the underlying rock. There is every confidence of success on the part of the Directors. In fact there has never been but one opinion expressed by those qualified to judge on such subjects and that is, that there is no  doubt that we are in the centre of a great salt  basin extending either way within a radius from ten to fifteen miles, and perhaps even greater. After this Company have determined the thickness and kinds of underlying rock, the geological formation will be better understood.


There is little doubt but that the Coal Fields of Michigan will yet prove as valuable as any in the Union. They cover at least one third of the entire Lower Peninsula. On the Shiawassee river, about twenty miles above here, a shaft was sunk only twenty-eight feet which passed through one vein of 18 inches in thickness, another of 24 inches and terminated in a vein six feet in thickness. The quality is said to be nearly equal to the best Briar Hill. Coal has also been found on the Flint and Cass rivers, but as yet no shafts have been sunk. Prof CHALLIS, an old and experienced Geologist, in exploring on the Cass this spring, found and brought down with him quite a number of specimens of Cannel Coal. He says it is of a very fine quality and he has not a doubt but that it exists in very large quantities.

   Here is a fine field for improvement, with our facilities for shipment to all ports on the Lakes and with the ease with which the Coal can be raised, it would seem wonderful that it has lain unoccupied so long. At Jackson, in this State, the miners are obliged to go some ninety feet deep, while ours, is fully equal in quality. Our mineral resources are however becoming known, and more attention has been devoted to explorations within the last six months, than during the six years preceding.


On Flint River, some twelve miles above here, Prof. CHALLIS has discovered a fine vein of iron ore which will well pay for working. Some of his specimens are full 70 per cent pure iron and from his tests he pronounces it fully equal to the best Lake Superior ores. He has also very fine specimens from Cass River, and from the Bay shore near Tawas, (Ottawa Bay). On the Bay he also found large deposits of Plaster, as fine and white as the best of the Grand river plaster. There are also Lead ores, in places on the Bay shore, so pure that the Indians have heretofore supplied themselves from that source.

   In fact our country is rich in Mineral resources, and we do not think we exaggerate, when we say that notwithstanding the immense wealth of our Pine Forests, of our splendid Oak for staves and ship building, and of our Fisheries, that time is not distant when they will be considered comparatively insignificant by the side of the mining and and manufacturing interests of the Saginaw Valley and of the commerce which must necessarily follow.


There has been so much croaking about Rail Roads on paper, and speculation in Rail Road charters, and lands that it was difficult to make the mass of the People believe that they, or this generation would survive to see one here. But the Flint & Pere Marquette R. W. Co., have commenced their work quietly and have pushed it ahead rapidly till at this time they have the entire distance from this place to Flint, chopped and grubbed, over half the distance graded, and ties enough out to lay the whole distance. - The iron is provided and the Company are now building an extensive dock at the lower part of the city, near the crossing, to receive it on its arrival. In a few days the track laying will be commenced and the work pushed forward to completion. It is expected to have trains over the road from this city to Flint, within less than four months from this date. - Yet so energetically but quietly, does the work progress that we should not be surprised if any of the old fogies (we are thankful that we have but very few in this place) should hear the whistle a month before they would know we had a Rail Road coming here.


The Saginaw Bridge company, with a capital of $15,000, propose at once to commence building a bridge across the Saginaw river, connecting us at the foot of Hoyt street, with Saginaw City. This will increase the facilities for intercourse between the two sister cities, and we trust our older sister will profit by it. Our Lumbermen are feeling finely. Lumber has a ready sale at good prices and also commands Cash. The prospects of  the county in general, and of East Saginaw in particular, were never better than at present. The people are united, they can work together and do so; and no one is watching, lest his neighbor shall get an advantage. Everyone feels that his interest is the interest of the community, and that the interest of the community is his interest. This is as it should be, and we shall do what in us lies to cultivate that feeling. We have not time to speak of our well disciplined Fire Department, nor of many other matters, but all will receive due attention in good time.


P. S. At the solicitation of our friends here we have issued the first number of the Courier a few weeks sooner than we had intended. We shall however delay the next issue until we are fully prepared to go on with the series, which will be early July. 

OUR FIRST ISSUE. - We are by no means dissatisfied with the appearance of the first number of the Courier, still there are many “different arrangements” with advertisements, sub-headings, reading mater &c., that will essentially improve the appearance of the next issue, which we promise shall be full dressed in the latest and most approved style of typography.

OUR ADVERTISEMENTS - At this time we can  only call attention to the favors of our advertisers “as a nation.” The “ads” will be found floating about  “miscellaneous” in this paper; by-and-by we will try and “close up the columns” and give them a “first rate notice” all around.


EUPHONIOUS - The following is the superscription of a letter mailed from the Post Office in this city:






Pere Marquette Mich



The Saginaw valley, Michigan is watered by eleven rivers, and these in turn are made up of numerous small creeks, most of which, for many miles, are large enough for the rafting of logs during the proper seasons. The rivers composing the Saginaw are as follows, with their average length, without following very particularly their windings, which would increase their length at least one-third:

1. The Saginaw 25 miles long; 2. The Cass, 125 miles long; 3 The Flint, 103 miles long; 4. the Shiawassee, 95 miles long; 5. The Bad, 54 miles long; 6. The Tittabawassee, 105 miles long; 7 The Chippewa, 90 miles long; 8. The Pine, 100 miles long; 9. The Salt, 50 miles long; 10 the Assayma-qup-see-bi, 32 miles long; 11. The Cedar, 45 miles long; in all 820 miles.

Extending into 14 counties, containing over 260 towns, and draining over 3,390,400 acres, rich in pine, oak, cherry, black walnut, and other valuable timbers, with a soil unsurpassed in the United States; with mines of coal and iron inexhaustible, and convenient to the steams, lime stone, granite and sand stone, are found in large quantities and convenient for transportation: and it is a well established fact that this valley is the great basin of the salt formation that underlies the State. Numerous salt springs of good quality are found upon the surface, and competent geologists give it as their opinion, that salt water of good quality, and in inexhaustible quantities, can be found very readily.

With this soil, climate, timber, minerals and unlimited command of water, both for navigation and for power to driver machinery, nothing but utter ignorance of its advantages has kept out settlers. In no State in the Union can land be had of like soil, timber &c., at such low rates. In the Saginaw Land District alone over one millions are subject to entry, at prices ranging from 12 1-2 cents to $1.25.

It must be borne in mind that the pine in this section of the State is not generally in dense groves but is scattered among other timber, being found on the same acre with beech, maple basswood, cherry, butternut, oak, and, in fact, every variety of forest trees. The quantity of the lumber manufactured from this scattered pine is very superior, and commands the highest price paid for any in market.

Numerous State roads and railroads are projected and some in process of building, running through this section in all directions. Private enterprise is also beginning to open up the country, build roads and school-houses, and all through the lately unbroken forests the hardy pioneers are erecting their log cabins and making clearings.

Game of all kinds is plenty - bears, deer, elk, partridges &c., and in the streams clouds of ducks and other similar birds. Here are the finest fresh water fish in the world - pike, pickerel, bass, muskellunges, white-fish, trout &c.,  (unreadable sentence) For the speculator there is as ?? in lands and timber. For the man of small means a rare prospect of obtaining a farm that will make him important. F. T. Triben (really can’t read the name.)



What it was and Is— Policy of Fur traders and Indians — Fraud of Surveyors —Nature of the Soil, Crops, Fruits, &c.

East Saginaw, Mich., March 1859.

Within a dozen years the Term Saginaw has been associated in the minds of nearly everyone with Indians, muskrats, cranberries, bogs and bull-frogs. Some, a little more enlightened, included in the catalogue white fish, trout and shingles. Even within the time spoken of, the Saginaw river was but little better known than the Zambezi, and a journey thither from one of the adjoining counties was considered a rather hazardous undertaking. The inhabitants were said to subsist upon muskrats, frogs and fish, and to use muskrat skins and shingles as a circulating medium.

In 1822 the government stationed some troops on the spot where Saginaw City is now built, and in 1824 the American Fur Company established a trading post on the present site of East Saginaw. — These with a few French, and Indians, constituted the population of Saginaw up to about 1836.

It was the policy of the Fur Company, the Indians, trappers and hunters to keep out settlers, who would, by clearing up the country, invite in others, and spoil hunting and trapping, and to gain this end they always represented the country as cold, unhealthy, and nearly all swamp and wet prairies. Those who voyaged thither by water, found the land bordering upon the Saginaw river generally low, with but little dry and no very high land, with wet prairies extending off into the rear for miles, with here and there an island of timber. This was the general character of the land bordering the river, and the impression usually made upon those navigating the river was unfavorable. They also confirmed the stories of the hunters and trappers, and took it for granted that the whole country was similar to that bordering the Saginaw river.

The Surveyors employed by government to survey this region, taking advantage of the want of knowledge on the part of the departments, as well as of disinterested individuals of the fact and presuming that the misrepresentations made by others and the prejudice existing against this section, together with its insulated position, would for a long time prevent an investigation, committed enormous frauds in the survey. - Whole towns were returned as surveyed, in which the surveyor never set foot, and the plats and surveys made in their room at Saginaw City. To carry out the popular idea, the whole country with few exceptions, was divided into wind-falls, black swamps, marshes, lakes and crooked streams.  This pretended survey set the seal of truth upon former reports, and had the effect intended - that of keeping out settlers, or land hunters; for no man possessed of common sense would think of moving to such a country as report and the survey showed this to be.

After a long time, however, government discovered the fraud, and a new survey of some and re-survey of other portions of this section was ordered. - This re-survey has only just been completed. It puts a very different face upon the matter, and shows the country to be sell timbered and the soil rich.

Saginaw river proper is about twenty five miles long. The Cass, Shiawassee, Bad and Tittabawassee rivers nearly join at this point, and are fed by the Pine, Tobacco and other rivers and numerous small streams. The Saginaw is navigable for 24 miles by vessels drawing 11 feet of water. The rivers emptying into the Saginaw, drain hundreds of miles of country rich in timber and soil. The country bordering upon the Saginaw river and for several miles inland, is generally level, but is well timbered with oak, beach, maple, basswood, ash, butternut, black walnut, hickory, &c. There is no pine or hemlock upon Saginaw river. - The ground is undulating enough for perfect drainage, and the soil a rich sandy, gravelly loam. All kinds of crops grown in Western New York grow well here. Winter wheat, corn, oats, &c., are a good and sure crop. The soil is particularly fitted for grass and for grazing purposes. The climate is mild, the cold seldom being extreme, and the country healthy. For the past eight years the snow has not been twenty inches deep on a level. The average duration of sleighing is about eight weeks. Apples, pears,  peaches, plums, and in fact all the fruits raised in a temperate climate are a sure and good crop here. - The opinion is general that we are too far north have a good climate or raise fruit, but such is not the fact. Owing to our proximity to the lakes, our being surrounded by water, or some other reason, frosts are not early, nor our winters extremely cold; we are more favored in this respect than some portions of the States much further south. I have no particular theory to advance as a reason for this, but simply state it as a fact. H.


KEROSENE OIL & LAMPS. - THE OIL AND Lamps maya be found at the Store of JOHN DERBY. (not transcribed - 20 lines on the use of the lamps.)


NOTICE. THE AMERICAN TRANSPORTATION COMpany will run one of their Propellers to this place, from Buffalo Via Cleveland and Detroit semi-monthly.

Rates of Freight from NEW YORK 40 cents per hundred on light Goods, and 35 cents on heavy Goods.

From BUFFALO $2.50 per ton, from CLEVELAND and DETROIT 20 cents per barrel and $2.50 per ton.

These Propellers have good accommodations for Passengers, who will be carried at low rates of Fare.

JOHN DERBYAg’t at East Saginaw

CATLIN & ERWIN     “   “ Detroit

T. M. BOND    “   “ Cleveland

J. C. LEWIS    “   “ Buffalo

FRANK LEE    “   “ New York

East Saginaw, April 21, 1859



Has on hand a Large and well selected Stock of 

Ready Made Clothing. 

Which he is offering for sale at the first store north of the Ferry, being the one formerly occupied by John Drigs. Among which are 300 Pilot, Drab, Cassimere and Broadcloth Overcoats, 


200 Fancy Silk and Velvet Vests, WORTH FROM ONE SEVENTY-FIVE TO $5.00. 





Flannel Under Shirts, Knit Wool Shirts and Drawers. 

200 Satinett and Fancy Frock Coats $2.50 to $5.00. 

100 Broadcloth and Fancy Frock Coats. $4 to $10. 

200 Valencia and Bombazine Vests, from 75c to $2.

Also an extensive assortment of HATS & CAPS. 

Among which are 20 dozen MOHAIR, PLUSH & CLOTH CAPS, 

worth from 50 cents to $2. 

25 dozen of Boys’ and Mens’ HUNGARIAN HATS. 

All of the above Goods will be sold at New York cost prices, offering rare inducements to persons wishing to purchase their supply of Clothing. 

East Saginaw, June 11, 1859.


FOUNDRY & MACHINE SHOP. EAST SAGINAW FOUNDRY & MACHINE shop is in full operation and prepared to fill all orders for the following kinds of work with neatness and dispatch:


Shafting, Spiders and Pulleys.


BLACKSMITHING of all kinds

Threshing Machines, built and repaired.



Terms Low for Cash.

Special notice is given to Mill Owners that we will do REPAIRING at all times, without regard to time of day or night. HESS & BRO.



Incorporated 1819. Charter Perpetual. Cash Capital, $1,000,000.


SURPLUS JANUARY, 1st, 1869,       $867,920.08

TOTAL ASSETS,  $1, 867,929.08


Am’t due or not due Bank or other Creditors, none.

Losses adjusted and due, none.

Other Liabilities,  $110,976.54


Dangers of Fire and Perils of Inland Navigation.

Business attended to with dispatch and fidelity. - 

Policies issued and applications solicited by


South corner of Water and Genesee street, East Saginaw, Michigan.



(Dates of appointments in various counties were changed, a list provided, not transcribed.)

Dated at Midland City, February 26, 1859.

W. F. WOODWORTH, Circuit Judge, Tenth Judicial Circuit.


BRUCE’S New York Type Foundry.  (not transcribed) 

GEORGE BRUCE 13 Chambers Street, New York.


Annexation, not of Cuba.

BUT A GOOD ASSORTMENT OF GROCERIES is annexed to this subscriber’s former stock of Goods which will enable him to supply the wants of his former customers at such prices as will induce new ones to give him a call at his “Ready Pay Grocery and Variety Store,” Water Street,  five doors south of Brick Block. J. S. WEBBER.


Business Directory.

East Saginaw Courier.

GEO. F. LEWIS, Proprietor.

Published every Thursday morning at the City of East Saginaw, Michigan.

TERMS: - $1.50 a year. Invariably in advance.


One square (16 lines or less) 3 weeks, $1.00

  “       “      each succeeding week,   0.25

One fourth Columns, 1 year,       $20.00

  “    half          “          “   30.00

  “    whole       “          “            50

Business Cards, 5 lines or less,     3.00

Other terms made know on application at the office.

Yearly advertisers will be entitled to a card in the Business Directory gratis.


Connected with the Courier office is a New and Extensive JOB PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT, wherein Plain and Ornamental Printing of every description will be done in the latest and most fashionable style. Patronage is solicited. GEO F LEWIS


W. L. P. LITTLE & CO.,

Bankers and Exchange Brokers, buy an sell Exchange, Bank Notes, Gold and Silver, &c. Will give prompt attention to Collections, and remit drafts at current rates. Taxes paid for non-residents, and all matters connected with a Land Agency promptly attended to.  EAST SAGINAW.



Exchange Office, will buy and sell Notes, Mortgages, Drafts &c, and uncurrent money. All collections promptly attended to. Office at Bay City; Bay County, Michigan. BAY CITY.



Attorneys and Counsellors at Law and Solicitors in Chancery. Agents for buying and selling Lands, paying Taxes. &c. Office corner of Water and Genesee streets. EAST SAGINAW.



Wholesale and Retail dealer in English and American Hardware, Cutlery, Iron, Agricultural Implements, Stoves. Copper, Tin and Sheet Iron Ware, &c. Brick Block.




Attorney and Counsellor at Law and Solicitor in Chancery. Office in the Enterprise building up stairs.  EAST SAGINAW.



Wholesale and Retail dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Crockery, Clothing, Hats, Caps, &c.   EST SAGINAW.



Dealers in Drugs and Medicines. Patent Medicines &c. &c. Opposite Brick Hotel. EAST SAGINAW.



Dealer in Hats, Caps, Furs and Skins. Ready Made Clothing, Gloves, &c. Opposite Brick Hotel.  EAST SAGINAW.



Will attend to the Purchase, Shipment and Inspection of Lumber on Saginaw River. Post Office Address,   EAST SAGINAW.



Attorney and Counselor at Law, Solicitor in Chancery, and Notary Public.  BAY CITY.



Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, Solicitors in Chancery, &c. Office in the Court House.  SAGINAW CITY.



Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Crockery, Hardware, Cutlery, Boots and Shoes, Clothing &c. Hamilton Street   SAGINAW CITY



Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Solicitor, and Counsellor in Chancery, Commissioner for the State of New York. Office over Watson’s Store.  BAY CITY.



Attorney and Counsellor at law, Land, Tax, and Collecting Agent. Office in the Court House.  SAGINAW CITY.



Practitioner at Law, in all the Courts of the State of Michigan. All business carefully attended to.  BAY CITY.



Attorneys and Counsellors at law, Land and Tax Paying Agents.  MIDLAND CITY.



United States Commissioner for the District of Michigan. Office,  EAST SAGINAW.



Attorneys & Counsellors.  EAST SAGINAW.


D. W. C. GAGE.

Attorney and Counsellor at Law, and Solicitor in Chancery; also Land and Tax Agent. EAST SAGINAW.


Advertisement for St. John’s Liniment. (not transcribed, 1/4 column of testimonials for people and animals.)

Advertisement for I. L. St. John’s Cough and Consumption Syrup. (not transcribed - 1/2 column of testimonials.)



RAILROAD IRON COMING AND 20 PER CENT ON STOCK WANTED! It being reduced to a certainty that the Flint and Pere Marquette Railroad is to be speedily built, I would, by way of jogging your memory, say to all who owe me for Groceries and Provisions, that they will do me an exceptional favor by calling at the Captain’s Office and settle their accounts. In their failure to do so, I shall have the politeness to call on them through Stephen S. Fall, and no mistake.  P. MUMFORD.  East Saginaw, June 11, 1859


LARGE BOX STOVES FOR STORES, SCHOOL Houses &c., warranted not to crack or break in one year’s fair usage.  HESS & BRO.



FLOUR - JOHN DERBY HAS JUST RECEIVED and has for sale 200 barrels Flour, fancy brand prepared which is warranted to be equal to any in market, and will be sold as low.

BLACKBERRY BRANDY, THE ABOVE article is prepared expressly for Medicinal purposes, and is peculiarly adapted to summer complaints, for sale at the new store. JOHN DERBY.

PICKLES, JELLIES, PRESERVED FRUITS, Catsups, &c. at wholesale or retail, from the best manufacturers in New York and Philadelphia, for sale at the store of JOHN DERBY.

JOHN DERBY HAS ON HAND A LOT OF Logging Chains, which will be sold for 25 percent less than the common retail prices.


SHEET MUSIC - IN GREAT VARIETY THIS day received by express, and for sale by A. FERGUSON.


THRESHING MACHINES, HORSE POWERS, Wood Sawing Machines, built and prepared with neatness and dispatch, by HESS & BRO.

LARGE STOVES FOR PUBLIC HALLS, Stores &c. Use 36 inch wood, and warranted to stand fire and not crack or break with one year’s fair usage. At the East Saginaw Foundry and Machine Shop, on the Dock.  HESS & BRO.


LEMONS AND ORANGES, NUTS AND CANDY, Raisins and Figs at the Brown Store on Water street five doors south of Genesee Street. H. WEBBER.




PATENTS FOR ENTRIES MADE BETWEEN the 3d day of March 1857 and the 2d day of May 1859, for settlement and cultivation under the Graduation Act of August 4, 1854, have been received at this Office, and the purchasers are hereby notified to come forward immediately and make the required proof of “Settlement and Cultivation” and receive their (unreadable) Patents, because if said proof is not filed within a limited time the Patents will be returned to the General Land Office and will then be liable to be cancelled for non-performance of the conditions of settlement and cultivation contemplated by the Graduation Act of August 4, 1854.  M. D. HESS Register.  W. L. P. LITTLE, Recorder.


INSURANCE. THE IRVING FIRE INSURANCE Company of New York. Capital $200,000 - This Company insures Dwelling House Stores, and other buildings, goods, wares and merchandise, ships in port and their cargoes and other personal property, against loss or damage by fire.

THE MANHATTAN INSURANCE  Company of New York insures Houses, Buildings, Stores, vessels in port, goods wares and merchandise, from the loss of damage by fire. 

Both of these Companies are of the most safe and reliable character, and their offices and directors among the best business men of New York.

The undersigned is agent for the above Companies, and will take risks in either on as favorable terms as other reliable companies can afford to.


At the Banking Office of W. L. P. Little & Co.





WILL RUN DURING THE SEASON between the Saginaw River towns and Buffalo, touching at Cleveland, Detroit, Point Au Barques, and at other points on the Lake Shore, leaving about the middle of each month. Freight from Buffalo by this line to be consigned to “American Transportation Company, Buffalo.” It will be free of dockage or extra charges. For freight or passage apply to

CATLIN & ERWIN, Detroit.

T. M. BOND, Cleveland.

JOHN DERBY, East Saginaw.


To the Public.

FELLOW CITIZENS: - I NOW OFFER MY services to the public as a 


I am prepared to contract for Building for the next season at low prices. With this purpose I can only say to you that I have extensive MACHINERY and facilities for this business, and hope to obtain a share of the public patronage. It is my intention to give my personal attention to this branch of business; and with an experience of more than thirty years as a builder, I hope to be useful to the community in which I live. H. PRATT. East Saginaw, June 11, 1859.


AYERS Ague Cure, Ayer’s Cathartic Pills, Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral. (not transcribed - half column advertisement.)


Page 4 - 


(Concluded from 1st page.)

The Battlefields of Italy (not transcribed.) from Albany Atlas and Argus.


THE SOVEREIGNS OF EUROPE - (not transcribed)


SUPREME COURT - George Starkwuther vs Elisha Smith and other. 

Error to Macomb Circuit.

Opinion by MANNING J.  The action was brought by the husband against persons who had taken the household furniture and other property of the wife from the house occupied by him, by her direction.

Held that the authority of the wife was a complete defense to defendants for the removing of the property. - Under the act of 1856, (passed before the act in question, and before the marriage of the parties,) the  married woman has the same power in all respects over her property that she had while unmarried. And the Circuit Judge was right in permitting defendants to prover her verbal requests to them to remove the property. Judgement affirm.


RHUBARB WINE. - The N. Y. Tribune is teaching the world how to make Rhubarb Wine - not the medical compound of that name, but the fermented juice of the plant, which makes a wine as fine as pale sherry, an difficult of tell from vintage. It is made by  the same way as currant, gooseberry wine. The plant will yield at the rate of 2,500 gallons the acre! A fabulous amount, which leaves the cost of the wine little more than that of the sugar used in fabrication.



(Not transcribed - the story of the steamer “West” on the Hudson in 1812) from Latrobe’s Rambles in North America.


MOTHER GOOSE, in one of her ancient poems’ has said that little boys were made of “Snubs and snails, And puppy dogs’ tails.”

She also says little girls are made of “Sugar and spice, And everything nice.”

I think if the good old lady could have lived in this age, to have seen her little boys and girls (who are now young ladies  and  gentlemen), she would have said of the ladies they are made of “The bones of whales, And cotton bales;

And of the gentlemen “Gold chains and canes, But nary brains.”

Dayton (O.) Empire.


MUSQUITOES. - The Memphis “Ledger” says: - “With the subsidence of the waters on the Arkansas shore, musquitoes are becoming so thick that the sun sets fifteen minutes too soon, its rays being obscured by the swarming insects, as they were by the clouds of arrows at the battle of Pharsalia.


A lady declared she could not understand how gentlemen could smoke. “It certainly shortens their lives,” she said. “There is my father, who smokes every blessed day, and he is now seventy years old.” “Well, if he had never smoked he might have been eighty.”


An old farmer, whose son had died lately, was visited by a neighbor, who began to console with him on the loss. “My loss!” said the father - “no such thing, it was his own loss; he was of age.”


Never be faint hearted. Have plenty of pluck my son. Supposing the whole world is against you1 Never mind, go in and fight the entire world. The world is so formed that you are sure to beat it hollow.


The yearly salaries of the Members of the President’s cabinet is $56,000. That of the British Ministry $287,000 - five times as much.


The clerk of the Probate Court in Cincinnati, who issued marriage licenses, has eloped with a pretty girl worth $60,000.


“How do my customers like the milk I sell to them?”  “Oh, they’ll all think it of the first water.”




CAPITAL, - - $1,000,000

DIRECTORS:  (49 men listed. Text of the wonders of the company.)

CHARLES B. MOTT, Agent for Saginaw County.



HAVING REMOVED HIS PLACE OF BUSINESS to the NEW STORE lately erected by Jesse Hoyt, Esq., and having greatly enlarged his stock, he is prepared to receive the calls of his friends. He offers at Wholesale or Retail, the best assortment of 


Ever brought to Saginaw; and while he expresses his gratitude for past favors, earnestly solicits a continuance from his former customers and others who may be pleased to patronize him. His goods are well selected and will be sold for cash at low figures.

COUNTRY MERCHANTS are respectfully invited to call and examine my goods for themselves, and they will find the quality and the price asked for them worthy of their attention.


(Another ad for the Pocahontas.)


(Another ad for H. Pratt, Builder.)


Steam Sash Factory.

THE SUBSCRIBER CONTINUES TO MANUFACTURE Sash, Doors, Blinds and Mouldings. -  Several new and beautiful patterns have been added the past year to my stock of MOULDINGS, to which I wish to call the attention of builders. You will find me at my old stand, ready to accommodate my old customers and new ones. H. PRATT. East Saginaw.


HESS & BRO. ARE MANUFACTURING A FEW good and substantial Threshing Machines, well calculated for a Farmer’s own use; will thresh from two or three hundred bushels per day with two Horses. Also, good WOOD SAWING MACHINES on hand, ready for sale cheap. HESS & BRO. East Saginaw, June 11, 1859.


A Card - To the Public.

THE UNDERSIGNED TAKES THIS OPPORTUNITY to return his sincere thanks to the public for their patronage the past year, and solicits a continuance of the same. H PRATT. East Saginaw, June 11, 1859.



EASTMAN, HAVING FITTED UP ROOMS over Sanborn & Gucker’s Provision Store, is now prepared to take Ambrotypes in superior style, and put them up in beautiful cases just received by Express. Good pictures taken as low as FIFTY CENTS.


Agricultural Implements.

A FULL AND COMPLETE ASSORTMENT OF the above articles consisting of Grain Cradles, Plows, Scythes, Rakes, Hoes, Shovels, Hay and Manure Forks, &c. &c. &c. may be found, either at wholesale or retail, at the lowest Cash price at the store of JOHN DERBY.



THOSE INDEBTED TO US EITHER ON NOTE or account, are requested to call and settle the same without delay, as we are determined to close all accounts. Hereafter our terms are Cash. COPELAND & BARTOW. East Saginaw, June 11, 1859



THE SUBSCRIBER OFFERS FOR SALE THE Building and Lot, at present occupied by him. JACOB SCHOEN. East Saginaw.



MACHINE BAKERY, WASHINGTON ST., next building north of the Methodist Church, East Saginaw, 


of the best quality, at Wholesale or Retail. East Saginaw, June 11, 1859


GENTLEMEN’S BOOTS. - JOHN DERBY offers for sale by the case or single pair an extensive assortment of the above articles, consisting of French and American Calf, Kip, Cowhide, with long or short legs as may be wanted, at such rates as will not fail to secure a purchase by all who are in need.

DRIED APPLES - 300 BUSHELS OF THIS article has been just received by the subscriber and will be sold by the bushel or at retail at low price. JOHN DERBY




Thankful for the liberal patronage that has been given to their New Shops, take the present as a favorable time to give notice to their former patrons and the public, that Work, in all its branches will be done at




OUR MOTTO IS, Low Prices — Terms Cash.

By that means were are enabled to give entire satisfaction to the public, and if our patronage continues as favorable as the past, we will endeavor to merit their renewed favors. 




English, American and German HARDWARE

EVERY DESCRIPTION OF Box, Parlor, Plate and 


Also Manufacturer and Dealer in all Kinds of COPPER, TIN AND CHEET IRON WARE






WATCHES AND JEWELRY Repaired with Despatched and warranted.


Books and Stationery of all kinds and descriptions,

BLANK BOOKS, &c, &c.

Magazines and Papers, received regularly. And a variety of

Cheap Publications, In quantity to suit purchasers. 

For sale cheap by A. FERGUSON. East Saginaw, June 13, 1859


1859 SUMMER TRADE 1859


At their Store and Warehouse, on the Dock, foot of 

Genesee street, have now a COMPLETE

Stock of New Goods

For Wholesale and Retail trade, consisting in part of


of all descriptions, among which may be found



and a great variety of other articles. Also,

Paints and Oils;


They have also a large stock of



Staple and Fancy Dry Goods,


Ready Made Clothing and Furnishings


COUNTRY DEALERS furnished with good stocks at wholesale prices.

LUMBERMEN will here find a large stock selected with reference to their wants. 

C. &. R.  East Saginaw, June 13, 1859



St. John’s Cough and Consumption SYRUP.

(1/4 column of fine print testimonials for the syrup. Not transcribed)


COARSE SALT, BURNER FLUID, &C. THE subscriber has for sale, Coarse Salt, for salting Pork, by the package or bushel. Also a prime article of Burning Fluid, by the gallon or barrel.  Also, Dried Apples, Potatoes, Oats and White Beans in quantities to suit the purchasers. He has also received a prime article of Tea in caddies of 6 pounds each, which will be sold at a very low price. JOHN DERBY.

LADIES WHO ARE ABOUT TO PURCHASE will do well to call at John Derby’s store, where they will find the best assortment ever offered in this town, consisting of Congress, Side and Front Lace, Cloth, Kid, Goat, Morocco and Calf Skin Gaiters of every quality, also Children’s and Misses’ Shoes of every description and quality all of which will be sold at the cheapest rates.

WOOD AND WILLOW WARE - JOHN DERBY has received a full assortment of Willow and Wooden Ware, among which may be found Children’s Wagon, Cabs, Cradles, Chairs, &c. Also, Wooden Bowls, Faucets, Pails, Tubs, Sieves, Washboards, &c., &c., all of which are offered at very low prices.

HARRISON’S PERFUMERY EXTRACTS, Fancy Soap, &c. A fine assortment of the above articles direct from Harrison’s Celebrated Manufactory, Philadelphia, is just opened, at the new store. Also the real old WINDSOR SOAP, a rare article. Please Call. JOHN DERBY.

PAINTS, OILS, &C., - JOHN DERBY OFFERS for sale a full and complete Stock of Paints and Oils, comprising all articles required for House and Fancy Painting, also a full assortment of Brushes which will be sold at low prices.


Fever and Ague, (1/2 column of fine print on Ayer’s Ague Cure, Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral and Ayer’s Cathartic Pills.)

25 cents per, or 5 bottles for $1.00

All our remedies are for sale by

Hess & Brother and by all Druggist’s everywhere.


LOG STAMPS - LOG STAMPS OR MARKING Irons with plain and beautiful letters or figures, made to order on short notice at the East Saginaw Foundry and Machine Shop, on the Dock. June 11, 1859     HESS & BRO. 

JACK SCREWS FOR RAISING BUILDINGS, for sale or to be let by the day by HESS & BRO.


WANTED, 100,000 feet of good pine Lumber and 100,000 good Shingles in exchange for Castings and Machinery work by HESS & BRO.

AND-IRONS FOR SALE AT THE EAST SAGINAW Foundry and Machine Shop, on the Dock.  HESS & BRO.

SIX NEW TURNING LATHS, FINISHED AND ready for sale, cheap. Enquire of HESS & BRO.

NOTICE TO LUMBERMEN - THE SUBSCRIBERS have on hand a good assortment Sleigh Shoes for sale cheap.   HESS & BRO.





PROVISIONS - 100 BARRELS HEAVY MESS Pork. 600 lbs. Hams and Shoulders 10 barrels of Lard. 100 lbs. Prime Butter, for sale by JOHN DERBY

SEED OATS - 160 BUSHELS VERY FIND AND heavy Seed Oats for sale at the new store by JOHN DERBY.

WORCESTERSHIRE SAUCE. - LEA & PERKINS celebrated Worcestershire Sauce for sale at the new store.  JOHN DERBY

KEROSENE OIL. - JOHN DERBY HAS JUST received a new lot of Kerosene Oil of a very superior quality, which is warranted free from all adulterations. Price $1.50 per gallon.






WRAPPING PAPER - 300 REAMS BAG, Straw, Manilla and Tea paper of all sizes for sale at Mill prices.  F. N. BRIDGMAN.




HOUSE TO RENT - A GOOD COMFORTABLE Dwelling House to rent, pleasantly situated - Inquire of G. W. MERRILL.


TO RENT. - THE CORNER STORE IN THE Brick Block, formerly occupied by Bench & Richardson. Possession given immediately. Enquire of C. B. MOTT.

(That’s all they wrote for this issue.)

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